Simple Health Tips For COVID-19

* Simple Health Tips For COVID-19

         What is COVID-19? Coronavirusdisease2019, also called COVID-19, iscaused by a virus that can bepassed from person to person. Itfirst appeared in people inDecember 2019, and has quicklyspread around the world.COVID-19 affects yourrespiratory system. In somecases, it can cause problemswith your lungs, like pneumonia.There is a lot out there aboutCOVID-19.


    Guidelines andrecommendations are changingquickly as we learn more aboutthe virus and how it acts.Trying to keep up with what todo and what not to do can beconfusing and overwhelming. Solet's break it down. Let's talkabout what is going on and whatpractical steps you can take tokeep you and those around yousafe and healthy.

    

   How doesCOVID-19 spread? The virus isspread through droplets. So whenan infected person coughs orsneezes, they project dropletsof the virus out into the air.Those droplets then land on orare breathed in by other people.That's the most common way thevirus can spread. Another way itcan spread is when thoseinfected droplets land onsurfaces (like door handles andelevator buttons).

      If  a healthyperson touches the surface thathas droplets on it and thentouches their eyes, nose ormouth, it's possible for them toget sick. These are gateways forthe virus, so the less you touchthem, the less chance there isfor the virus to enter yourbody. That's why everyone keepssaying, Don't touch your face!If the virus gets on your skin,like on your  hand, you want towash it off by using soap andwater or hand sanitizer BEFOREit reaches your eyes, nose, ormouth. It may be possible for aperson with COVID-19 to pass thevirus to others when they aren'tshowing signs of being sick(this is called asymptomatictransmission).

   

     It often takes 2to 14 days before people startto feel sick after being exposedto the virus. So you could begetting other people sickwithout knowing it. That's why,when there are a lot of cases ofCOVID-19 in an area, leadersrecommend staying home unlessyou really need to do something(like get groceries). And if youare feeling sick, stay home andcall your doctor.


        What are COVID-19 Symptoms? Some signs ofbeing sick with COVID-19 are afever, cough, body aches, andtrouble breathing. Some lesscommon symptoms of the virusinclude headache, sore throat,runny nose, problems with senseof smell or taste, nausea anddiarrhea. I know it can seemlike anything can be a symptom,so if you aren't feeling well,stay home and call your doctor.Most people who get the viruswill experience mild symptoms.Some people won't experience anysymptoms at all.


                    Most people,including children, who get sickwith COVID-19 can recover athome. But, for some people,especially people who are 65 andabove, people who have otherhealth problems (like lungconditions, diabetes and heartdisease), and for people whoseimmune system (orinfection-fighting system)doesn't work so well, COVID-19may lead to more seriousproblems that requirehospitalization. What should Ido if Im feeling sick? If youare feeling sick, have a fever,cough, or are having troublebreathing, call your doctor orlocal urgent care facility. Thisis important. Call first. And,if you are sick, cover your noseand mouth with a cloth mask,scarf, or handkerchief.


     It willhelp protect the people aroundyou. If you live outside theUnited States, check with yournational health agency on maskrecommendations. When you call,your doctor can tell you what todo next. Some people may need tocome in and be seen by a doctor,and some people may need to stayat home and limit their contactwith other people. Your doctorcan tell you what you should do.What should I do if I'm worriedI've been exposed? Your chancesof exposure to the virus thatcauses COVID-19 increase if youwere within six feet of someonewho is infected (about thelength of a bed away from them)you live in or have traveled toa location that has a lot ofcases or you were at a crowdedevent with someone who isinfected (like a party).


      If youthink you've been exposed tosomeone who has COVID-19, butAREN'T having any symptoms, callyour doctor, hospital, localurgent care facility, or publichealth office. They can tell youwhat to do next. If you thinkyou might have been exposed, ANDyou have symptoms like fever orcough, you should call BEFOREgoing to your doctor's office orto a hospital. Your doctor cantell you what to do and if youneed to be seen in person. Ifyou are asked to come to thehospital, you may be asked tofollow special procedures (likeusing a special entrance awayfrom other people and coveringyour nose and mouth). It'simportant to know that currentlythere is no proven treatment forCOVID-19. But, doctors can helpsupport your breathing and makeyou as comfortable as possible.Most people will NOT need tostay in the hospital and will beable to make a complete recoveryat home. What can I do to stayhealthy? Wash your hands withsoap and water. Really. I knowit sounds simple, but it has abig impact. Basically, it'sbecause soap breaks apart thecontainer that holds the virus.Once the container is open, thevirus just washes away with thewater.


        For this to happen, yougotta spend some time washingyour hands, and you need toscrub. You want to wash yourhands for 20 seconds (that's thehappy birthday song two times).You'll want to rub your handstogether, clean your wrists,fingernails, in between yourfingers, and dry your hands witha paper towel you can throwaway. Lastly, turn the water offusing the paper towel instead ofyour hand. Now, if you have kidsin your household, make surethey're washing their hands thisway too. If you aren't aroundsoap and water, use handsanitizer that is at least 60%alcohol. Make sure to rub it inuntil it's dry. What else canyou do to stay healthy? You'llwant to keep your distance fromother people (this is calledsocial distancing). And youreally want to stay away frompeople who are visibly sick orcoughing. If you can, work fromhome.


            And, speaking of home,clean surfaces that you usefrequently. Clean doorknobs,countertops, your phone screen,and other items you touch a lot.Lastly, it is a good idea tolimit travel to places that havea lot of COVID-19 cases. Ok,let's talk for a quick minuteabout what DOESN'T help protectyou against COVID-19. It doesn'thelp to hold your breath ifsomeone sneezes or coughs aroundyou. The virus can be passed inmultiple ways, so not breathingaround people doesn't really doanything. Let's also talk aboutmasks. If you live in the UnitedStates, check cdc.gov/covid19for that latest recommendationson masks and face coverings. Ifyou live outside of the UnitedStates check who.

       

                                         Int or yournational health agency forrecommendations. How can I helpslow the spread? I know COVID-19sounds scary, but there are somegood things to keep in mind. Formost people, COVID-19 is a mildinfection that is not lifethreatening. You can do a lot tokeep yourself and others healthyby washing your hands, stayingaway from people who are sick,wearing a face covering andpracticing social distancing.Remember, if you are feelingsick, stay home and call yourdoctor.


       By taking thesepractical steps, you can protectyourself and those around youand help slow the spread of the virus. 

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